Do you have an old, damaged, or non-functional car taking up space in your yard? how to junk a car in florida? If so, you may want to consider junking it. But how exactly do you go about junking a car in Florida? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll provide you with all the information you need to know.
- How to Junk a Car in Florida
- Can you sell a junk car without a title in Florida?
- How to get Salvage Title for Car in Florida ?
- How to find Licensed junkyard in Florida?
- What are some common fees charged by junkyards?
- Can a salvage title vehicle be insured and registered for road use?
- What is the difference between a junk title and a salvage title?
- Is title jumping legal in Florida?
How to Junk a Car in Florida
Step 1: Determine if Your Car is Considered Junk
In Florida, a car is considered junk if it meets any of the following criteria:
- It’s been in an accident, and the cost of repairs exceeds its value.
- It’s been declared a total loss by an insurance company.
- It’s at least 10 years old and doesn’t have a title.
- It’s been abandoned on private property for more than 30 days.
If your car meets any of these criteria, it’s considered junk, and you can sell it to a salvage yard or scrap metal dealer.
Step 2: Remove Personal Belongings
Before you sell your car, make sure to remove all your personal belongings from it. Check the glove compartment, trunk, and any other storage compartments. Don’t forget to remove your license plates as well; you’ll need to return them to the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles.
Step 3: Obtain the Necessary Documents
To sell your car as junk, you’ll need to provide the buyer with the following documents:
- The car’s title: If you don’t have the title, you’ll need to apply for a duplicate from the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. You’ll also need to fill out a bill of sale, which you can find online or at your local DMV office.
- Your driver’s license: You’ll need to provide a copy of your driver’s license to the buyer.
Step 4: Shop Around for Prices
Not all salvage yards and scrap metal dealers pay the same amount for junk cars. It’s a good idea to shop around and get quotes from several different places before selling your car. Make sure to ask about any additional fees, such as towing or processing fees, that may be charged.
Step 5: Sell Your Car
Once you’ve found a buyer you’re happy with, it’s time to sell your car. In most cases, the buyer will arrange for the car to be towed away. You’ll need to sign over the title and bill of sale to the buyer and provide them with a copy of your driver’s license.
Can you sell a junk car without a title in Florida?
Selling a junk car without a title in Florida may be illegal and can lead to legal trouble. Here are some key points regarding selling a junk car without a title in FL:
• In Florida, you are required by law to obtain a title for a vehicle before selling it. This includes selling junk cars for scrap or parts. A bill of sale alone is not sufficient.
• If selling a junk car to a licensed auto dismantler, salvage yard, or scrap metal dealer, you must transfer the title into their business name before they can legally take possession and pay you for the vehicle. They cannot legally purchase a vehicle without a clear title.
• If caught selling a vehicle without a proper title transfer, you could face legal penalties from DMV including fines and license suspension. The buyer could also face legal issues if caught in possession of an illegally purchased vehicle.
• The only exception is if the vehicle is considered “abandoned” or an “abandoned motor vehicle”. In this case, the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DMV) can issue an “Abandoned Title” to allow the transfer and dismantling of the vehicle. But this process still requires contacting DMV and providing proof the vehicle is legitimately abandoned.
• Another option is to obtain a “Salvage Title” if the vehicle was damaged enough to qualify as “salvage”. But as the vehicle owner, you still need to work with DMV to obtain the salvage title before selling or donating the vehicle.
• Private party sales of junk cars without a title are not allowed in Florida and considered illegal. Only properly approved “junk titles”, “abandoned titles”, or “salvage titles” can be transferred for these types of sales or donations.
In summary, selling a junk car without a title in Florida is generally illegal. Obtaining the proper title approval through DMV is required before selling or donating any vehicle that cannot pass a safety inspection. Let me know if you have any other questions!
How to get Salvage Title for Car in Florida ?
To obtain a salvage title for a car in Florida, here are the steps:
Insure your vehicle is after an accident that qualifies for a salvage title in Florida. Per Florida DMV, a salvage title is issued if:
- Cost to repair hail damage exceeds 80% of fair market value.
- Cost to repair other damage exceeds 75% of fair market value.
- Vehicle stolen and not recovered within 30 days.
- Certificated as rebuilt after being totaled.
Contact your insurance company. They will handle the process of declaring the vehicle salvage due to the accident. They will cancel your insurance coverage as well.
Contact DMV to surrender your vehicle title. Within 30 days of an accident resulting in a salvage title, you must surrender the title or Certificate of Title to the DMV and request a salvage title.
Pay required salvage title fees. The title transfer fee is $65 or $65 per title if multiple titles. The normal admin fee is also charged, typically around $7-10. Fees must be paid in cash, check, debit/credit card, or money order.
Provide proof of ownership (title or titlebackup). You must provide proof that you legally own the vehicle such as the title document or title backup from DMV records.
Provide accident report (police/insurance). While not always required, providing an accident report can help expedite the processing of a salvage title application.
Vehicle must pass a salvage title inspection. Once issued, the salvage title still allows limited road usage to a repair shop. Within 30 days of titling, the vehicle must pass an initial state salvage inspection before full road usage is allowed again.
Buyer must disclose title history. Anyone buying a salvage titled vehicle must be informed of the original accident damage and salvage title history before purchase. Proper disclosure is required by law.
How to find Licensed junkyard in Florida?
Some tips for finding a reputable junkyard in Florida:
• Search online for “junkyards in Florida” or “auto salvage yards in Florida”. Check reviews from Yelp, Google, Facebook Marketplace, etc. Look for yards that mention handling vehicle junking or salvaging.
• Search the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles license lookup to ensure any yards you contact are properly licensed in Florida. Only licensed yards can legally transfer vehicle titles and cancel registrations.
• Check if the yard is certified by the National Automotive Parts Recycling Association (NAPA). NAPA certification shows they meet industry standards for safety, environmental protection and business ethics.
• Call around to yards in your local area and ask about their licensing, services offered, fees and current offer for your vehicle make and model. Compare estimates and services between options.
• Consider your location and how much the yard may charge for towing your vehicle in. Some yards charge by the mile for towing range, so a closer yard may save you money.
• Read online reviews mentioning things like fair pricing, efficient title transfer process, professional and courteous staff, minimal “hassle”, etc. Poor reviews may warn of unprofessional behavior, low offers or complicated requirements.
• Trust your instincts—if anything feels off about a particular yard, keep searching. Make sure you feel fully comfortable with the option you choose.
What are some common fees charged by junkyards?
Junkyards typically charge several common fees when junking or salvaging a vehicle:
• Appraisal or evaluation fee: Usually a small flat fee charged just to inspect your vehicle and determine if it’s worth repairing or junking. If you decide to use them for the full junking process, this fee may be waived.
• Towing fee: If the yard does not pick up vehicles, they will charge you a tow fee for temporarily storing and then towing your vehicle to their facility. Tow fees vary but often $75-200.
• Salvage title fee: The fee for the yard to process canceling your vehicle’s registration and obtaining a salvage title for your vehicle. Usually $50-200 depending on your state’s requirements.
• Junk certificate fee: For a fee, the yard will issue you a signed “junk certificate” or other proof that your vehicle has been officially junked. This waste can provide closure and help ensure the vehicle is not rebuilt and sold again. Junk cert fee is typically $25-75.
• Metal/parts salvage fee: Some yards may charge you a percentage of proceeds (around 20-50%) from any scrap metal or reusable parts they sell from your vehicle. This depends if you’re selling the entire vehicle to them outright or sharing in the profits. But many yards waive this if you’re providing a clean title.
• Title transfer fee: A flat fee for the yard to legally transfer the title of the vehicle into their business name so they can scrap it. Title transfer fees vary but usually $75-200 depending on your state.
• Other fees: Some yards may charge fees for draining fluids, admin/handling fees or environmental fees for proper disposal of waste materials. But junk fees in FL are regulated, so excess fees are uncommon from licensed yards.
Can a salvage title vehicle be insured and registered for road use?
A salvage title vehicle may be able to be insured and registered for road use, but there are some important conditions and requirements to keep in mind:
- The vehicle must pass a safety inspection. The DMV will need to inspect the vehicle to ensure all necessary repairs were made properly before registering and insuring the vehicle. If significant damage still remains, the DMV can refuse to register the vehicle.
- All necessary repairs must be certified. Any mechanical or structural repairs will need to be certified by a licensed mechanic, repair shop, or vehicle inspector before the DMV safety inspection. Certifications prove the vehicle is roadworthy.
- A normal title will be reissued. Once the DMV inspection passes, the salvage title is canceled and a normal certificate of title is issued in the vehicle’s name again. This normal title allows for legal registration, insurance, and resale.
- Additional registration and insurance fees may apply. There may be additional taxes, titles fees, and registration fees for a salvage title conversion. Insurance rates may also increase due to the vehicle’s accident history.
- Disclosure to insurance companies and buyers is required. Even with a reissued title, the salvage title history must be disclosed to insurance companies when adding coverage and to any future buyers of the vehicle. This informs them of the increased risk.
- Some states prohibit converting certain titles. A few states will not allow reconstruction of a “junked” salvage title under any circumstances. Converting a ” struggle salvage” title is also prohibited in some states. The specific laws of your state will determine if your salvage title is eligible for conversion.
- The process can be time-consuming and complicated. Working with mechanics, inspectors, DMV, and insurance companies to certify a salvage title vehicle as roadworthy again can take time, money, and patience. Not all owners pursue converting the title due to the hassle.
In summary, while it is possible to insure and register a salvage title vehicle for road use again, there are a number of requirements and conditions that must be met through assessments, certifications, inspections, and MORE. And some states prohibit converting certain types of salvage titles altogether. The process can be complex, so make sure you understand all the rules in your state before pursuing a salvage title conversion.
What is the difference between a junk title and a salvage title?
There are a few key differences between a junk title and a salvage title:
- Condition of the vehicle. A junk title vehicle is considered non-repairable, while a salvage title vehicle may be repairable after an accident. Junk title means the vehicle is beyond repair, salvage title means it needs major repair work.
- Which title the DMV issues. The DMV will issue either a “junk title” or a “salvage title” based on the condition of the vehicle. A junk title will explicitly state the vehicle is for junk use only, a salvage title just indicates it’s after an accident.
- Legal usage. A junk title vehicle can only be used for parts, scrap metal, or remanufacturing. A salvage title vehicle can potentially be repaired and returned to road usage with proper inspections and certifications.
- Purchasing costs. Junk title vehicles are typically the least expensive since they are only suitable for parts or scrap. Salvage title prices depend on how much repair work is needed to potentially return the vehicle to road use.
- Registration and insurance. Junk title vehicles cannot be registered or insured for road usage. Salvage title vehicles can potentially be repaired and properly registered/insured, depending on assessments from mechanics and DMV.
- Number of past owners. Junk title vehicles often change ownership between dismantlers, while a salvage title vehicle may have only changed hands a few times between accidents and repairs. So a junk title often has more ownership transfers listed on the title history.
- Title characteristics. The title itself will be clearly stamped or marked as “junk” or “salvage” based on its condition. Not all salvage titles are marked as such, while junk titles are clearly distinguished from clean titles.
- Resale potential. Junk title vehicles essentially have zero resale potential. Repaired salvage title vehicles may have limited resale potential, but can potentially appreciate more over time than a junk title vehicle.
Read more: Work comp, if you get hurt
Is title jumping legal in Florida?
Title jumping, also known as title washing, is generally illegal in Florida. Here are the key points about title jumping legality in Florida:
- Title jumping means intentionally rolling back or altering an odometer reading before re-titling a vehicle multiple times to mask its true mileage. This is considered odometer fraud, which is illegal.
- Odometer fraud is a federal crime in Florida punishable by fines and even imprisonment. State laws also prohibit title jumping and odometer fraud.
- Florida DMV performs odometer verifications and title lookups when transferring titles to help detect odometer fraud. They work with law enforcement to investigate cases of suspected odometer fraud.
- A “washed” title will often raise questions at DMV, triggering an odometer verification before the title can be legally transferred again. If fraud is detected, DMV will cancel the title and notify law enforcement.
- Private party sellers are still liable if they sell a vehicle with a rolled-back odometer. While a “washed” title may seem clean, private buyers can sue the seller if odometer fraud is later found. Sellers should never participate in title jumping.
- Title jumping also undermines the integrity of vehicle titles and ownership records overall. Accurate titles and records give buyers more confidence in their vehicle purchases and allow for more secure financing/loans against the vehicle’s value.
- Some see title jumping as a “victimless crime” but in reality, it victimizes unsuspecting private buyers who overpay for a vehicle with far more mileage than advertised. Over time, it damages the overall retail value of similar, lower-mileage vehicles.
- If title jumping is detected on a vehicle you’ve already purchased, you may be entitled to compensation from the seller under civil laws regarding odometer fraud and title washing. You can file a police report and consider contacting third-party title and odometer verification services to validate the vehicle’s history.
In summary, title jumping or odometer fraud is illegal in Florida and strictly prohibited. Accurate titles and registration documents are a key part of maintaining integrity in Florida’s vehicle registration and titling system.
Junking a car in Florida can be a simple and straightforward process if you follow the steps outlined above. Remember to remove all personal belongings, obtain the necessary documents, shop around for prices, and sell your car to a reputable buyer. By doing so, you’ll be able to get rid of your old car and make a little money in the process. Good luck!